Wisdom teeth are usually one of the main and most common cause of consultation with the dentist. Most patients who have problems with their molars experience pains in cycles. During the period that the pain ceases, they consider that the problem is not as serious as it might seem. These episodes can last for years, causing harmful effects in our oral cavity and discomfort in other parts of our face, such as the head or ear. Wisdom teeth that cause pain should be removed to save future dental problems for the patient.
What problems cause the wisdom teeth?
Normally, wisdom teeth that become blocked or encyst during their eruption do not develop properly and cause pain. When it happens, it is usually due to the lack of space for your accommodation, being able to remain blocked in different positions.
They are teeth that usually erupt in adulthood and deprogram the occlusion.
“Around 90% of the population has, today, at least one molar of this type”
1. Infection or disease of the gums. The molar, when exerting pressure and being in an inadequate position, produces a progressive inflammation of the gums around it. Once it has been removed, the situation improves.
2. An affected wisdom tooth can cause damage to the tooth or tooth that is facing it or if it is in bad position affects the root of the neighboring tooth or even cause tooth decay.
3. Infection in the bone. If the infection in the gums is not treated and lasts over time, it can affect the bone adjacent to the tooth. This infection can spread to the cheek or neck sometimes we are unaware because certain types of these infections become chronic and do not present pain.
4. Infection and caries in neighboring teeth. The area in which wisdom teeth are found is difficult to clean during daily dental hygiene. In this way, the area attracts bacteria due to the food that can be impacted on the surrounding teeth.
5. Follicular cysts and frequent pains (headaches, headaches, general facial pain, etc.)
6. Problems in the temporomandibular joint.
7. Beginnings of bruxism (dental clenching) causing dental wear.
“Many times due to lack of space they do not erupt causing chronic infections (in some cases without pain), in these cases they can only be detected and reviewed through an X-ray”
Radiographic control to verify position and if any type of infection occurs.
Clinical control of its eruption; caries or gum inflammation.
The best solution to avoid all these problems and future problems is the extraction of these parts